Effects of GMP Trends on the Pharmaceutical Industry in Nigeria
The pharmaceutical industry is important to the economies of the world and for the preservation and promotion of the health of the human society. It is the industry that narrows the gap existing between health-span (disease-free lifetime) and lifespan, so that human beings can live longer and better lives. Therefore, good manufacturing practices are regulations/rules put in place to guide the conduct and operations of pharmaceutical firms to safeguard public health and safety from counterfeit, contaminated or falsified medications. There are trends that have emerged within the GMP space in the pharmaceutical industry which is what this research study has tried to investigate within the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria. The gaps that exist in the subject area after literature search informed the objectives of the study which seeks to examine the perceptions of professionals regarding GMP trends in the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria; evaluate the impact of technology in the implementation of GMP on the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria; find out the impact of quality assurance as part of GMP trends on the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria; and examine the effects of new drug safety issues as part of GMP trends on the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria. To execute the study, exploratory design using qualitative research method in whichfive(5)participants were selected through the convenience sampling technique was deployed. Semi-structured interviews were initiated through Google Meet to collect qualitative data from the interviewees. Gioia qualitative data analysis technique was employed to analyse the collected qualitative data. The study reveals that (i) based on professionals’ perceptions, GMP trends in the pharmaceutical industry in Nigeria are characterised by trust, safety and quality; (ii) technology in the implementation of GMP trends in the pharmaceutical industry affects the entire product life cycle of pharmaceutical products; (iii) quality assurance as part of GMP trends in the pharmaceutical industry inNigeria improves public health; and lastly (iv) new drug safety issues as part of GMP trends influence continuous drug products’ monitoring for public safety.Findings show that GMP trends in the pharmaceutical industry have improved the industry but there is still room for growth and further development if the industry is to rival its counterparts in the rest the developed world especially in the area of greater technology adoption and tightening of the regulatory framework guiding the industry. The contribution of the current study will benefit academic researchers, regulators, pharmaceutical products’ manufacturers, consumers and government.